CENTIMETERS

Compilation © 2007 LexisNeVdS' Academic & Library Solutions, a division of Reed Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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A SELECTIVE MICROFILM EDITION PARTV (1911-1919)

Thomas E. Jeffrey Senior Editor

Brian C. Shipley Theresa M. Collins Linda E. Endersby Editors

David A. Ranzan Indexing Editor

Janette Pardo Richard Mizclle Peter Mikulas Indexers

Paul B. Israel Director and General Editor

Sponsors

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey National Park Service, Edison National Historic Site New Jersey Historical Commission Smithsonian Institution

A UPA Collection from

Hjp LexisNexis*

7500 Old Georgetown Road Betliesda, MD 20814-6126 Edison signature used wilh permission ofMcGniw-Edison Company

Thomas A. Edison Papers at

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey endorsed by

National Historical Publications and Records Commission 18 June 1981

Copyright ©2007 by Rutgers, The State University

All rights reserved. No part of this publication including any portion of the guide and index or of the microfilm may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form by any means graphic, electronic, mechanical, or chemical, including photocopying, recording or taping, or information storage and retrieval systems— without written permission of Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, New Jersey.

The original documents in this edition arc from the archives at the Edison National Historic Site at West Orange, New Jersey.

ISBN 978-0-88692-887-2

THOMAS A. EDISON PAPERS STAFF (2007)

Director and General Editor Paul Israel

Senior Editor Thomas Jeffrey

Associate Editors Louis Cariat Theresa Collins

Assistant Editor David Hochfelder

Indexing Editor David Ranzan

Consulting Editor Linda Endersby

Visiting Editor Amy Flanders

Editorial Assistants Alexandra Rimer Kelly Enright Eric Barry

Outreach and Development (Edison Across the Curriculum)

Theresa Collins

Business Manager Rachel Wcissenburgcr

BOARD OF SPONSORS (2007)

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey National Park Service

Richard L. McCormick Maryanne Gerbauckas

Ziva Galili Michelle Ortwein

Ann Fabian

Paul Clemens Smithsonian Institution

Harold Wallace

New Jersey Historical Commission Marc Mappen

EDITORIAL ADVISORY BOARD (2007)

Robert Friedel, University of Maryland Louis Galambos, Johns Hopkins University Susan Hockey, Oxford University Thomas P. Hughes, University of Pennsylvania Ronald Kline, Cornell University Robert Rosenberg, John Wiley & Sons Marc Rothenberg, Joseph Henry Papers, Smithsonian Institution Philip Scranton, Rutgers University/Hagley Museum Merritt Roe Smith, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

FINANCIAL CONTRIBUTORS

Wc thankfully acknowledge the vision and support of Rutgers University and the Thomas A. Edison Papers Board of Sponsors.

This edition was made possible by grant funds provided from the New Jersey Historical Commission, National Historical Publications and Records Commission, and The National Endowment for the Humanities. Major underwriting has been provided by the Barkley Fund, through the National Trust for the Humanities, and by The Charles Edison Foundation.

We are grateful for the generous support of the IEEE Foundation, the Hyde & Watson Foundation, the Martinson Family Foundation, and the GE Foundation. We acknowledge gifts from many other individuals, as well as an anonymous donor; the Association of Edison Illuminating Companies; and the Edison Electric Institute. For the assistance of all these organizations and individuals, as well as for the indispensable aid of archivists, librarians, scholars, and collectors, the editors are most grateful.

A Note on the Sources The pages which have been filmed are the best copies available. Every technical effort possible has been made to ensure legibility.

PUBLICATION AND MICROFILM COPYING RESTRICTIONS

Reel duplication of the whole or of any part of this film is prohibited. In lieu of transcripts, however, enlarged photocopies of selected items contained on these reels may be made in order to facilitate research.

LETTERBOOK SERIES

General Letterbook Series

The thirty-three volumes in this set contain tissue copies of Edison’s correspondence for the period March 1911-June 1918. The last book also contains a few letters from August 1918, January-March 1919, and September 1919. There are no extant letterbooks for the period after September 1 91 9. Most of the letters in the first five books are by Edison and his secretary, Harry F. Miller. The correspondence in the remaining books is primarily by Edison and William H. Meadowcroft, writing as assistant to Mr. Edison."

Many of the items in the earliest books relate to the commercial and technical development of Edison's alkaline storage battery and . ' ® ^ automobiles, trucks, locomotives, safety lamps for miners and country _house lighting. Several letters pertain to Edison's organization of the battery business in Europe, including the appointment of John F. Monnot as his representative.

There are also numerous letters relating to Edison's phonograph and motion picture businesses. Included are items regarding the introduction of the Diamond Disc phonograph and the Blue Amberol cylinder record in 912 and the selection of suitable music and recording artists--a Process in wh ch Edison was closely involved. Other letters deal with the development of the Home Projecting Kinetoscope and educational films-a project for which William W. Dinwiddie was hired in December 1 911"andthe !"Lr°dU2o" °fg1 5 Kinetophone (motion pictures with sound) in 1918. The contain frequent references to the fire of December 1 914 that destroyed the Edison Phonograph Works.

After the outbreak of World War I in Europe in August 1914, .the j letters discuss the effects of the war upon the American chemical industry, the disruption of markets for the carbolic acid (phenol) fhrt Edwon used in th manufacture of phonograph records, and his experiments synthetic phenol as a substitute for imported carbolic acid.

SSJSS

Jersey; and the sale of his surplus stocks of benzol, toluol, and other chemical

oroducts. The letters from 1915-1918 contain many references to Edison s role as the head of the Naval Consulting Board; his increasing preoccupation with war-related research for the U.S. Government including submarine research conducted at Sandy Hook, New Jersey; and his extended absence from the laboratory during the period August 1917-May 1918.

A few items deal with Edison's ore milling technologies and the royalties earned by the Edison Crushing Roll Co. Additional correspondence with businessman Henry B. Clifford concerns his proposed application of Edison s ore milling technologies to sites in Colorado. There are occasional lette irs discussing the cement business and Edison s continuing interest in poured concrete houses.

Among the many letters relating to Edison's personal and family affairs are items regarding his health, diet, and sleeping habits; the activities o his children and other family members; his membership in clubs and societies, his book and journal orders; his charitable donations; improvements at Glenmont, his home in Llewellyn Park, New Jersey; and the upkeep of his winter home in Fort Myers, Florida. Also included are letters pertaining to his friendship with Henry Ford, John Burroughs, and Harvey Firestone and his vacations and camping trips with them. In addition, there are numerous etters in which Edison expresses his opinions and prejudices about a variety of social, religious, political, and economic issues. Included are letters discussing Edison's widely reported ideas about the del®Jer'°^ib®.^tsh°f cigarette smoking, his support for womens suffrage and prohibition h attitude toward Jewish bankers and industrialists, his position during he presidential campaigns of 1912 and 1916, and his opinions about the European war.

Approximately 15 percent of the documents, including all substantive letters pertaining to Edison’s business operations and personal affairs, have been selected. The following categories of documents have not been selected: routine letters of transmittal and acknowledgment; non-substantive correspondence concerning the ordering and shipment of materials, etters about routine financial transactions; routine or repetitive responses to letters from individuals seeking employment, requesting advice, and offering advice, and responses to other unsolicited correspondence.

The books are numbered from 25 through 54; LB-099, LB-1 17, and LB- 118 lack numbers. Although every technical effort has been made to ensure

the legibility of the documents reproduced in this edition, some letters may be partially unreadable because of spreading or smearing ink or light imprints. In addition, there are occasional pages that are wrinkled or torn.

Unbound tissue copies of outgoing correspondence and interoffice memoranda can be found in the Edison General File Series and in the company record groups.

General Letterbook Series Letterbook, LB-086 (1911)

This letterbook covers the period March-June 1911. Most of the correspondence is by Edison and Harry F. Miller. There are also some letters by George A. Meister and William H. Meadowcroft. Many of the items relate to the commercial and technical development of Edison's alkaline storage battery and its use in locomotives, electric vehicles, and lamps for coal miners. Included is correspondence with business associates, such as Ralph H. Beach, Sigmund Bergmann, Henry M. Byllesby, Heinrich H. M. Kammerhoff, and representatives of the Baldwin Locomotive Works and the Philadelphia & Reading Coal and Iron Co., as well as J.P. Morgan & Co. Some of the letters concern Edison's disappointment with the development of the storage battery business in Germany. There are also documents pertaining to Edison’s procurement of chemicals and minerals for experimental and production purposes, including purchases of electrolyte potash from Germany. Additional correspondence with Henry B. Clifford concerns his proposed application of Edison's ore milling technologies and the inventor's cooperation with the proposal. Among the selected items is a representative sample of replies to letters seeking information or Edison's advice and opinion on a variety of matters, including the commercial and technical development of his phonograph business and cement house. Included is a letter from Edison concerning the relationship between bankers and inventors, which he sent to engineer Robert Lozier of the Kountze Brothers' investment house. Among the letters pertaining to family and personal matters are items concerning Edison’s homes in West Orange, New Jersey and Fort Myers, Florida; his attitudes on religion, immortality, and agnosticism; his prescriptions for good health and longevity; his collections of books and periodicals; and his charitable donations, including a contribution to the Young Men’s Christian Association in Port Huron, Michigan.

The front cover is marked "TAE Letterbook From March-6-1 91 1 to June 28-1 91 1 ." The spine is marked with similar information, along with the number "25." The book contains 700 numbered pages and an index. Approximately 20 percent of the book has been selected.

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t

March 6th 11.

E. S. Freeman, Esq.,

V. 0. Box No. 236,

Lancaster, N. H.

Bear Sir:-

Your letter of the 2nd instant regarding the auto endurance test through New England received. Mr. Edison directs me to write you that two of our electrics went through New England hut did not pass your way.

Yours very truly,

Secretary.

March 4th 1911 .

Dr. J. Struthers , Secretary,

The Engineers' Club,

32 West 40th Street,

New York City.

Dear Sir;-

placed Club, c Chas . i

Will you kindly see that my name is ti the Application Book of the Engineers' endorser to the application of Mr. Bradley, for membership in the Clu£..

Yours^wrytruly ,

jjarcb 4th 19X3 «

Cfcas. R. Kimberly, EBq. ,

Superintendent Tiverton School,

Walhonding, Ohio.

My dear Sir

I am in receipt of your favor ot a. 1st instant relative to W t„tsrvl.. tending » «“ -M"‘ “f It gives me pleasure indeed, in W perusal of a. various communication. to not. otter people. ,1... on the above mentioned subject.

Kindly accept my thanhe for .

you re very tr^W

/ r

the letter.

2i

T

l \

Mar. 8th 11.

Mrs . Martha H. Kirk,

Poet Office Box 544,

South Norfolk, Va.

Bear Madam: -

Replying to your letter of the 3rd instant regarding the magno electric vitalizers which you sent to he recharged, heg to state that we know nothing whatever about them and have no way of charging them. I enclOBe herewith the Two ($2.00) and am returning the vitalizers by separate mail.

YourB very truly,

Secretary.

it i fli

Mr. J. E. Fries,

Crocker-Wheeler Co.,

Ampere, New Jersey.

Dear Sir:-

Itr. Edison direotB me to write and thank you for the hook entitled "Death and Resurrection" by Bjflrklund, translated by you. He had already purchased a copy from a Chicago concern, he thinks the latter are the publishers of a paper called the "Monist".

Yours Tery truly,

Secretary.

28

I

\

Mar. 11th 11.

Mr„ Arthur J . Rhoadee ,

cars Pennsylvania Salt Mfg. Co.,

Greenwich point,

Philadelphia, Penna.

Pear Sir:'-

Your letter of the 9th instant received. Hr. Edison directB me to write you that he shall probably use about 100 pounds daily of cobalt oxide or hydroxide within a few months, if his present experiments wort out.

The market for cobalt oxide is quite limited, new uses should be found before the industry will amount to anything.

Yours very truly ,

Secretary.

38

March 16 th. 11

American Breeders' Association,

Eugenics Record Office -Euge nice Section,

Mr. H. H. loughlin, Superintendent,

Cold Spring Harbor , Long Island. H. Y>

Dear Sir.-

Bep lying to yours of the 1st instant beg to state that the records mentioned in your letter have not reached us as yet. Kindly send a tracer after them and oblige.

yours

ry truly ,

40

March 16th 11 .

Frank Evans, Esq.,

Fourth Avenue,

Kingsland , Auckland ,

llew Zealand.

Fear Sir:-

Youre of the 30th of January received, in reply Mr. Edison directs me to say to you the there is no trouble in concentrating the black sands in Hew Zealand by magnetic apparatus and briquette the ore by furnaces. But there is no market for the ere that Mr. Edison has heard of, Yours very truly,

Secretary' .

41

/! \

Robert Grau, Esq.,

53 Elm Avenue,

Mt. Vernon, N. Y.

Rear Sir:-

A.b requested in yours of t" HI instant I beg to enclose herewith the contj Blip Y/iiich Mr. EdiBon has signed.

Yours very truly,

Secretary

93

\

March 22nd 11

Arthur L. Ill, Esq.,

c/o Win, Campbell Wall Paper Co.,

Hackensack, New Jersey.

hear Sir:-

Youre of the 19th instant requesting information regarding the cement house received. Mr. Edison directs me to write you that no companies have, as yet, been formed for exploiting the scheme, and will not until the first house has been successfully cast; probably some time this year. I enclose herewith a booklet which contains al the information available at this time.

Yours very truly,

Secretary

94

March. 22nd 11.

Mrs. Kellie Dixon,

Camillus, Hew York, hear Madam: -

Replying to your letter of the 18th instant beg to state that we only use songs that have proven successful. I am returning your words as we have no use for the same.

Yours very truly,

Secretary.

torch 22nd 11.

A

V. L. Spoon, Esq, ,

Burlington, H. C.

Bear Sir:-

Your letter of the 17th instant regarding tto newspaper article on the Acouetiphone received.

Hr. Edison *trects me to write you that what you 8aw was a newspaper *«.ve; he has not invented such an instrument.

Youra very truly,

Secretary.

March 22nd 11,

Geo. W. Robertson, Esq.,

Mt. Vernon, Indiana.

Dear Sir

Replying to your letter of the 17th instant Mr. Edison directs me to write you that the system you Bpeak of would he a success. You could have an extra battery and work the pump motor from it.

Yours very truly.

Secretary.

March 22nd 11

jlpenr Sir:-

Your letter of the 16th inetant regarding an Idea of yours for a loud talking telephone received. Mr, Edison directs me to write you that the telephone like cut enclosed has been constructed many years ago. There was no particular advantage or increased loudness.

Regarding a position, beg to state that we have no vacancy which we can offer you.

Yours very truly,

Secretary.

V. S. I return herewith your drawing.

104

Mar.

22nd 11.

B. von Helve rt ,

Markt 90,

Rooeendaal, Holland.

Bear Sir:-

Rep lying to your letter of the 4th

in.t.nt Wl»» y°“

d. d... ».t .did* yo« .oh... 1. ,r.otlo>W.

.ould increase td. “° *“°1‘ “d ”«ulr”

to. mod exertion on tie put of td. driver.

Yours very truly ,

Secretary.

1.09

March 23rd 11.

Prudential Insurance Co.t

Edmund K. Hopper, Esq. ,

Hewark, Hew Jersey.

Hear Sir:-

Replying to your letter of the 3rd of

. +B tvat the following children October 1910, heg to state that the

... ,41.„ t, « -*• '•«"" ln

Edison’s life-.--

Marion Oeser,

Thomas A, Edison, Jr.,

William L. Edison,

Madeleine Edison,

Charles Edison,

Theodore M. Edison.

If you Will kindly forward the necessary

rm I will have it signed by Mr. Edison, amendment form I will

yours very truly ,

Secretary .

114

B. E. Beach, Eeq. ,

50 Church. Street,

Hew York City,

Dear Sir:-

Bnclosed herewith find letter from Mr. W. R. Lyle , Bipon, Via. regarding the Beach car, which kindly give the attention you deem necessary.

yours wary truly ,

Secretary.

116

E. H. Johnson, Esq.,

care Union League Club,

Hew York City.

My dear Johnson:-

Replying to yours of the 22nd instant would say that the nickel sheet is not what you require. W not come over to the Laboratory and explain to me what is desired?

In all human probability I can put you on the track, and if you bring a young experimenter over-in two weeks you would have what you want.

Yours very truly,

March 24th 11-

Charlton H. Smith, Esq.,

Box 237, R. J1. D. No. 1,

Seattle, Washington.

Bear Sir:-

Rep lying to your letter of the 9th instant Mr. Edison directs me to write you that the insects without a doubt would he killed, hut it can only he ascertained experimentally if it would or would not injure the tree.

Yours very truly,

Secretary.

March 24th

&unuel Insull , Esq.,

139 Adams Street,

Chicago, Ill.

My dear Sammy : -

Yours of the 20th instant at hand. Young Thompson was a mucker at the laboratory many years ago. He was with Kennelly. He was bright, but always appeared to me aB "too Bmart". I have not known of his doings since he left.

He is a nephew I believe , of Joe Clarke, whom I think you will remember as being associated with Albert Pulitzer in starting the New York Journal , and who iB now publicity manager, for the Standard Oil Company.

(Mj impression only) is that you should investigate lhompson pretty thoroughly.

With kina regards, believejme-i" S inc^eay'youigs.

124